BPSC Introduction

BPSC stands for the Bihar Public Service Commission, which is a constitutional body established by the Constitution of India to select eligible candidates for various administrative positions in the state of Bihar, India. Its main responsibility is to conduct competitive examinations, interviews, and other selection procedures for recruiting candidates for various positions in the Bihar state government.

Its primary objective is to recruit eligible candidates for various administrative positions in the state government, such as administrative services, police services, finance services, revenue services, and others. The BPSC is also responsible for conducting recruitment exams for positions in various departments of the Bihar state government.

The selection process for BPSC typically involves a preliminary examination, a main examination, and an interview. Candidates who successfully clear the preliminary exam are eligible to appear for the main examination. Candidates who pass both the preliminary and main examinations are then invited for an interview, which is the final stage of the selection process.

Stage 1- Preliminary stage

The BPSC Preliminary Examination consists of

2 papers (General Studies Paper-I and General Studies Paper-II).

Each paper carries a total of 150 marks

The duration of each paper is 2 hours.

The exam is conducted in an offline mode, and the questions are of objective type (Multiple Choice Questions).

Topics covered

  • General Studies Paper-I covers topics such as Indian History and Culture, Indian Polity and Governance, Economic and Social Development, Geography, Environmental Ecology, and General Science
  • General Studies Paper II focuses on topics such as Comprehension, Interpersonal skills, Logical Reasoning, Analytical Ability, Decision-making, Problem-solving, and General Mental Ability.
  • Each correct answer carries one mark, and there is no negative marking for incorrect answers.

Stage 2- Mains

The BPSC Main Examination consists of 6 compulsory papers and one optional subject that candidates can choose from a list of available subjects. The six compulsory papers are as follows:

  1. General Hindi (100 marks): This paper is designed to test a candidate’s proficiency in the Hindi language and its grammar.
  2. General Studies Paper-I (300 marks): This paper covers topics such as Indian History, Culture, Geography, Polity, Economy, Environment, and Science and Technology.
  3. General Studies Paper-II (300 marks): This paper covers topics such as Indian Constitution, Public Administration and Governance, International Relations, Ethics and Values in Public Service, and other related topics.
  4. Optional Paper-I (300 marks): Candidates can choose one optional subject from a list of available subjects, including History, Geography, Political Science, Sociology, Economics, and others.
  5. Optional Paper-II (300 marks): Candidates can choose the same or a different optional subject from the list.
  6. General Hindi (50 marks): This paper is designed to test a candidate’s understanding of the Hindi language and its grammar.

The duration of each paper is 3 hours, and the exam is conducted in an offline mode.

BPSC Optional Subjects

Candidates have to select one of the following 34 optional subjects:

AgricultureStatisticsHindi Language and LiteraturePersian Language and Literature
Arabic Language and LiteraturePali Language and LiteratureMaithili Language and LiteratureChemistry
SociologyPhysicsEnglish Language and LiteratureUrdu Language and Literature
BotanyBangla Language and LiteratureSanskrit Language and LiteratureZoology
PhilosophyPolitical Science and International RelationsPsychologyPublic Administration
Labour and Social WelfareManagementMathematicsMechanical Engineering
Civil EngineeringEconomicsCommerce and AccountancyElectrical Engineering
Animal Husbandry and Veterinary ScienceAnthropology

Stage 3: Interview

It is conducted for candidates who have qualified in both the BPSC Preliminary Examination and the BPSC Main Examination and is designed to test their personality, character, and suitability for administrative positions.

The interview is generally conducted in an offline mode, and the duration is approximately 30 minutes to 1 hour & the interview will be of 120 marks.

The interview panel is tasked with assessing the candidate’s personality, communication skills, leadership skills, decision-making skills, and overall suitability for the position they have applied for.

Tips and strategies for candidates to prepare for the BPSC Preliminary Examination, Main Examination, and Interview:

Tips for BPSC Preliminary Examination:

  1. Understand the syllabus: Start by understanding the BPSC Preliminary Examination syllabus and marking scheme. This will give you a clear idea of what topics to focus on and how to prepare for the exam.
  2. Practice mock tests: Practicing mock tests is a great way to get familiar with the exam pattern and assess your level of preparation. It will also help you identify your strengths and weaknesses.
  3. Stay updated with current affairs: Current affairs play a crucial role in the BPSC Preliminary Examination, so it is important to stay updated with the latest news and events.

Tips for BPSC Main Examination:

  1. Use standard textbooks: To cover the entire syllabus, it is important to refer to standard textbooks recommended by experts. This will help you gain a deeper understanding of the topics and ensure that you have all the necessary information.
  2. Solve previous years’ question papers: Practicing previous years’ question papers is a good way to get an idea of the types of questions asked in the exam and to assess your level of preparation.
  3. Focus on time management: The BPSC Main Examination is a lengthy exam, and time management is crucial. Practice time management skills and create a study plan accordingly.
  4. Prepare for optional subjects: Choose your optional subject wisely and prepare thoroughly for it, as it can make a big difference in your overall score.

Tips for BPSC Interview:

  1. Be well-informed: Read newspapers, magazines, and other sources to stay up-to-date with current affairs and issues related to Bihar and the country.
  2. Practice communication skills: Good communication skills are essential for the BPSC Interview. Practice speaking clearly and confidently, and work on your body language.
  3. Research the organization: Learn as much as you can about the organization and the job role you are interviewing for, so that you can demonstrate your interest and knowledge during the interview.
  4. Be confident and positive: Show confidence and positivity during the interview, and be honest in your answers. It’s important to stay calm and composed during the interview.


The BPSC has the responsibility to advise the state government on matters related to recruitment, promotion, and other service-related issues of the state civil services. The commission ensures that the selection process is transparent, fair, and merit-based, and follows the guidelines set by the state government and the Constitution of India.

In summary, the BPSC plays a crucial role in selecting eligible candidates for various administrative positions in the state of Bihar, and its main objective is to ensure that the selection process is fair, transparent, and merit-based.


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